Protective Coatings for Marine Structures

Operators face the costly and ongoing challenge of protecting offshore structures from corrosion and damage by abrasion.

Both abrasive and corrosive, the marine environment is unforgiving of maritime structures such as offshore platforms and rigs and ocean-going vessels - all of which are major investments for the companies operating them. Corrosion can affect all structures and activities in the marine environment.

The most vulnerable areas are the superstructure, decks, ballast tanks, and anchor or chain wells. These areas are subject to extreme saltwater, chemical agents, and abrasion. The marine environment is also harsh on surface coatings, both in terms of how they wear and applied.

One way to minimize and mitigate the effect of some types of corrosion is by using flexible surface coatings that are resistant to chemical attacks from petroleum products and salts. A corrosion barrier must-have durability and flexibility and be impervious to the wide range of agents that affect maritime structures.

Spray-applied anti-slip surface coatings provide walkways and decking that are safe for people moving about offshore structures or vessels.

Protecting a Platform Deck From Abrasion

Coatings specifically designed for marine structures in the oil-and-gas industry can reduce the drilling operation's abrasive impact.

A deck on an oil rig with 14-meter lengths drill pipes is susceptible to large amounts of abrasive damage. Most surface coatings are quickly abraded away, exposing the bare metal substrate to corrosion.

The deck surface must be blasted with abrasive to remove any coatings. Profile the surface to ensure optimal adhesion to the primer and protective coating.

A zinc-rich primer is first applied to the prepared metal surface, over which a second spray primer is rapidly sprayed. The best primer choices for this application contain no volatile organic component (VOC) properties and can be quickly spray applied.

A thick coat of polyurea is applied over the primed area to a nominal thickness of 3000 microns (3 mm) for maximum protection. The final coating is chosen because it has excellent resistance to weather extremes and flexibility. It also offers high impact strength. Polyurea can cure rapidly, allowing the crew to walk on the surface in a matter of minutes, which means a facility can be back online sooner.

Minimizing downtime is an important consideration when applying any surface treatment. Spray coating is faster and causes less disruption to your operations. Spray coatings can be set in just 6 seconds. Pure polyureas do not react to temperature or ambient moisture, making them ideal for offshore operations.

Decking Protrusions: Coating Protrusions

Liquids mustn't run off the decks of offshore structures where pipes or other equipment enter. These penetrations are usually covered by a butyl rubber "boot" taped to both the pipe and the deck. The rubber boot and adhesive can be damaged by salt and ultraviolet light in just a few months.

The butyl rubber and adjacent steel surfaces can be scuffed and cleaned to extend the life of deck penetration boots. Before applying the flexible membrane, it is essential to remove all oil, dirt, and coatings. Similarly, the surrounding equipment, piping, and deck surfaces must be masked off to protect against overspray.

A polyurea coating applied to deck penetrations up to 50 mm above the pipe and 100 meters onto the deck creates a waterproof, weather-resistant, flexible interface that is liquid-tight and durable.

Polyurea Coating Characteristics

Pure polyureas are formed when a liquid isocyanate is mixed under high pressure with an amine-driven resin solution. Because the double covalent bond linking the carbon atom with nitrogen and oxygen is easily broken, it is possible to create single bonds in the stable tetrahedral arrangement around the carbon. Isocyanates can be reactive.

Some polyureas come as a two-part solution that 4is mixed under high temperature and pressure (3000 psi at 65oC) in a specially designed spray apparatus. The excellent chemical cross-linking results in a flexible, dense surface. This coating is almost indestructible to water, chemicals, and abrasion.

The solid surface can be walked on in under one minute because of the speed at which pure polyurea coatings dry. Polyurea can be sprayed on any surface, even vertical surfaces up to 6000 microns thick. This is a great advantage. A thick coating of polyurea is easy to maintain.

While epoxies and paints form a solid, rigid shell, the flexibility of pure polyurea coatings allows them to move with the expansion and contraction of the underlying structure as temperatures change.

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Reduce marine environment’s costly effects with Polyurea

Polyurea can be used to reduce the negative effects of marine environments.

The marine environment is both abrasive as well as corrosive. It can be very damaging to structures in the maritime industry, such as offshore platforms and drilling rigs, and ocean-going vessels. These are all major investments for companies that operate them. Corrosion can cause damage to marine structures, costing the industry billions each year in prevention, control, and remediation.

Surface coatings can be affected by the harsh environment of offshore structures. The most vulnerable areas are the superstructure, decks, ballast tanks, anchor and chain wells, as well as the superstructure and superstructure. They are vulnerable to salt and chemical agents and can be damaged by people or equipment moving around. The areas where 14-m longs of drill pipe are laid out on an oil production rig are susceptible to damage. These are then dragged across the deck and pulled up for drilling operations. Most of the surface coatings are quickly removed, leaving exposed metal that is susceptible to corrosion.

Flexible surface coatings are resistant to chemical attacks from petroleum products and salts and can be used to reduce or minimize the effects of certain types of corrosion. ArmorThane's special projects engineer Hank Strathman says that a corrosion barrier must be durable and flexible, as well as being resistant to chemical attack from petroleum products and salts.

Preparation of surfaces with polyurea coatings

The platform deck must be blasted with an abrasive blaster to remove existing coatings. This will create a profile that allows for optimal adhesion of the primer or protective coating. The zinc-rich primers can be applied to the metal surface and then a rapid spray of elastomeric polyurethane primer/sealant/primer can be applied. These coatings are easy to apply and have no volatile organic components (VOC). Spray-apply a pure polyurea to the primed area, with a minimum thickness of 3mm on the deck. This will provide maximum protection. This last coating is extremely resistant to extreme weather, has high flexibility, and is strong against impact.

Strathman states that pure polyurea is an extremely modern material, which has seen rapid development over the past 15-years. When a liquid isocyanate and an amine-driven resin solution are mixed under high pressure, pure polyureas form. Reactive isocyanates result from the breaking of the double covalent bond linking the carbon atom to the nitrogen and oxygen atoms. This allows for single bonds to be formed in the stable tetrahedral arrangement around the carbon.

Flexible polyurea coatings

The requirement to minimize downtime is a major consideration when applying any surface treatment to a structure. Spray-coating is faster and less disruptive to client operations. Facilities can also be back online in no time with a spray-applied protective coating. Baker says that the beauty of pure polyurea coatings, Baker says, is their rapid setting. They can be applied quickly to create a solid surface within a matter of seconds and can be walked on with no damage in under a minute. They can be sprayed on in six seconds and cure quickly. These are both important considerations when applying an offshore coating. The coatings can be applied up to 6mm thick on vertical or sloping surfaces without sagging. It is easy to clean and recoat the surface if needed.

Polyurea's environmental impact

It is crucial that liquids don't run off the decks of offshore structures where pipes or other equipment enter. These penetrations are usually covered by a butyl rubber boot that is taped to both the pipe and the deck. The rubber of the boot can be damaged by salt and UV exposure within a few months.

A protective coating can be applied to extend the life of deck penetration boots. The boots can be coated with pure polyurea. This type of coating can be applied to boots at a thickness of 2mm or more and extended 50mm on the pipe and 100mm onto the deck. It creates a flexible, liquid-tight, weather-resistant and flexible interface for all deck penetrations up to 100mm in diameter.

The butyl rubber and adjacent steel surfaces should be scuffed and cleaned. A primer can then be applied. Before applying a flexible membrane, it is essential to remove all oil, dirt, and coatings. To protect against excessive spray, it is important to mask any equipment, piping, or deck surfaces.


Spray application of pure polyureas is typically a two-part mixture that is mixed under high temperature and pressure (20.7 MPa at 65°C) in a specially constructed spray apparatus. The excellent chemical cross-linking results in a flexible, dense surface. Because of its high density, the coating is almost indestructible to water, chemicals, and abrasion.

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Corrosion on the High Seas: How Shipowners Combat Corrosion With Protective Coating

Seawater is corrosive to steel and contains large amounts of dissolved salts. This makes infrastructure and assets near seawater particularly vulnerable to corrosion. Industries continue to develop and implement solutions that prevent asset degradation in an effort to reduce corrosion in marine environments.

The shipping industry faces constant corrosion problems from seawater and marine environments. The U.S. Maritime Administration reports that 41,674 oceangoing merchant ships (1,000-plus tons) 1 had been registered with an International Maritime Organization number on January 1, 2015. (The most recent report). The worldwide fleet includes container, dry bulk and passenger vessels as well as liquefied petroleum gases (LNG), liquefied natural gas, (LPG) and tanker vessels. All of these vessels are susceptible to corrosion-related degradation of cargo cargo tanks, ballast tanks and decks. This can result in higher maintenance costs, decreased service life and possible failures.

NACE International member Johnny Eliasson, structural and corrosion engineer at Chevron Shipping Co., San Ramon, California, USA) and Massimo Rubesa, coating and materials specialist at Stolt Tankers, Rotterdam, The Netherlands), shared their thoughts on the corrosion problems that can affect cargo ships and tankers and offered solutions.

What kinds of corrosion problems could be found on tankers?

The most common forms of corrosion found on chemical tankers include uniform corrosion, pitting, galvanic corrosion, and microbiologically influenced corrosion. Every type of corrosion can be found on a ship as it would in a city. You can think of anything that could corrode in a city, but it can also corrode onboard a ship. It's just as fast and worse.

Are certain tankers more susceptible than others to corrosion due to their cargoes or service environments?

Yes, some tankers are more vulnerable due to cargoes or service environments. There are many factors that can cause corrosion to tankers. There are approximately 1,000 different cargoes that tankers can carry, and some are more aggressive than others. For example, chemical tankers can carry very corrosive cargoes like sulfuric acid (H).2SO4), hydrochloric (HCl), nitric (HNO)3Other cargoes such as crude oil are less corrosive. Some cargoes can also be heated, which can lead to various types of corrosion.

Complex piping can be found on the main decks of chemical tankers. Stolt Tankers.

Is there any area of the tankers that could be more corrosive than other areas?

Cargo and ballast tanks are especially susceptible to corrosion because they contain materials that can cause corrosion. The materials that are transported in cargo tanks can lead to corrosion, as we have already mentioned. The vessel's life expectancy is dependent on the integrity of its ballast tanks. They are constantly being filled with seawater and the rate of corrosion will rise. Temperature changes can also affect the rate of corrosion. Ships' sewage tanks are also susceptible to corrosion due to the hostile environment that includes bacteria. The acid produced by microbes can cause damage to the tanks' walls.

Although the main deck is not as vulnerable to corrosion as cargo tanks and ballast, it is still susceptible to corrosion. Because of the salty air and seawater, the environment is extremely corrosive. The entire main deck, including all piping and supports, is covered with salt-laden water that contains corrosion-causing chlorine ions. Add to that the daytime heat, which increases the temperature, and you can corrode.

What's your strategy for addressing corrosion?

It is important to consider the expected life expectancy of the vessel. A vessel is usually designed to last 25 years at the lowest possible cost. At the design stage, it is determined whether it is more profitable to invest in high-cost materials at the beginning to lower maintenance costs. Or to use less expensive materials later on and plan for higher maintenance fees as the vessel is used. This strategy considers the entire life cycle of the vessel. After determining the initial costs of construction, it is possible to plot over time the expected consequences and costs. Next, the most cost-effective approach to a 25-year long life is chosen. This requires sound economic policy as well as a projection of the likely consequences over time.

One strategy to combat corrosion is materials selection. You can design corrosion control into your ship. A tanker's deck can be equipped with approximately 3 km (2 mi) worth of piping. Typically, this piping will be made of stainless steel (SS). However, SS is anodic to carbon steel (CS), which means that CS acts as an ode for the SS piping and will corrode preferentially in order to protect it. The ideal piping material should reduce the current density between the cathodes and the anodes (CS), which will prevent the deck from corroding. Stolt Tankers ships have SS coated to lower the current density. Coatings are excellent resistors. To protect the CS structure and supports from the corrosive environment, they are also coated.

Another strategy to combat corrosion is to use high-quality coatings. Protecting the main deck with a combination composite coating system is a good choice. It starts with zinc primer and continues with an epoxy coating with aluminum pigment, then a second coat of polyurethane (PUR). Zinc primer is applied for adhesion, which allows the coating system to adhere on the metal surface. The epoxy acts as an adhesive to protect the metal surface. It also reduces water, chlorides and other contaminants that could reach the surface and cause corrosion problems. The PUR topcoat protects epoxy from UV light and acts as a sunscreen. The epoxy could chalk and become brittle. The deck's PUR color is tinted to give it a more attractive finish.

Ballast tanks are also protected by an epoxy coating with aluminum pigmentation. The International Maritime Organization's Performance Standard for Protective Coatings 2 sets a 15-year target for seawater ballast tank coatings. Stolt Tankers aims for a longer service life and a 25 year service life for ballast tanks. Stolt Tankers applies two coats of epoxy to the CS ballast tank coatings.

After 20 years of service, a seawater ballast tank was installed on a Stolt Tankers ship. Stolt Tankers.

Most cargo tanks are made of SS and are therefore uncoated. Some cargo tanks are made with CS. Stolt Tankers covers CS tanks with a three-coat epoxy phenolic coating system. This includes a primer, undercoat and finish coat. Each coat is applied with a DFT (dry film thickness) of 90 um (3.25 mils). A three-coat epoxy system with a DFT (90 um) for each coat. A zinc silicate coating with a DFT (80 um) for each coat. Or a two-coat cyclosilicon epoxy with a DFT (150 um) for every coat

Are there particular industry standards you follow for corrosion mitigation? How do these standards help with corrosion mitigation?

These industry standards for corrosion offer guidelines for vessel planning and construction, as well protocols for maintaining corrosion protection systems over the lifetime of the vessel. There are many standards. There are many standards that cover maintenance of coatings. They include areas like surface preparation, coating application and inspection. It also covers how to detect coating deterioration. These standards provide clarity and allow all involved in ship construction and maintenance to understand the requirements. Four parts of ISO 8501 are most commonly used. They include "Preparation Steel Substrates before Application of Paints and Related Products-Visual Assessment Surface Cleanliness" and multiple parts ISO 4628, “Paints and varnishes-Evaluation Of Degradation Coatings-Determination of Quantity and Intensity Uniform Changes of Appearance.” Without these standards, it would be impossible to build and maintain ships.

What are your expectations from a coating system? In terms of performance, application, service life and return on investment? 

JE/MR The expected or desired coating life will differ depending on where the coating is placed. The requirements for coating conditions are set out in maintenance guidelines and regulations. The requirements for the coating's condition may vary depending on where the ship is located. Some areas may require more work to maintain the desired coating condition than others.

It is expensive to reblast the steel and change the coating on the main deck. We want a coating that is durable, long-lasting, and will not need to be replaced. Ballast tank coatings have a 25-year life expectancy. The coatings must also meet specific conditions. Ballast tank coatings, for example, are inspected at specific intervals and rated "good", "fair", or "poor" during the ship’s lifetime. This is a high standard. This rating is not required if the coating's condition drops below its intended service life. However, the goal is for every ballast tank coating not to deteriorate before its 25-year anniversary.

There are many aspects of ship design and maintenance to consider when fighting corrosion at sea. However, there are many standards, guidelines and corrosion protection technologies that can be used to help the maritime industry achieve the desired service life. Stolt Tankers' strategy is to maintain its ship's coatings aggressively, using the philosophy of "see and fix rust" rather than waiting for coating degradation to become an issue.

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Prevent and Control Ship Corrosion With Protective Coating

Corrosion has been a common cause of damage in ships for years. It can cause the body of the ship to deteriorate, destroy tanks, and much more. Fortunately, it’s manageable when you know how to prevent and control ship corrosion.

As they travel through rough sea conditions, ships are subject to immense stress. They must be flexible enough to withstand these extreme conditions without cracking. The coatings on the hulls, decks, or structural components must be flexible enough to withstand the twists and turns of ocean movement and not crack. To achieve this flexibility, protective coatings can be modified. However, they must not exceed their dry film thicknesses (DFT). This will cause cracking and delamination.

Apply Coatings

Ship CorrosionOne of the most effective ways to prevent and control ship corrosion is to apply protective coatings to parts that are most susceptible to corrosion, such as the hull. This area of the ship sits below the waterline, so it experiences more exposure to damaging salts and minerals. Applying epoxy or a polyurea and a vinyl tar coat can help to protect it.

The deck is also susceptible to corrosion, especially during severe weather. During storms or strong tides, seawater can wash up on the deck which will lead to surface damage. Repainting the deck can help to remedy the damage, but it’s best to apply an alkyd and chlorinated rubber coating to ensure protection from seawater and everyday wear and tear.

Corrosion in cargo tanks is another commonality. This happens when the sulfur and water in crude oil mixes with water vapor. Microbes can break down the tank’s protective coating in these cases.w

To protect and preserve the integrity of the vessel, many new methods of coatings have been added to the list of possible fixes. In fact, a Bloomberg article states that tanks with these coatings could save about $240 million in maintenance for 10 to 20 years.

Cargo ships don't have any special requirements for coating, but specialty tanks such as ballast tanks, potable waters tanks, oil tanks and chemical tanks require a great deal of skill to apply the coating thickness to meet the specifications. These tanks have corners, angles, edges, and other fixtures that require special attention when applying stripe coatings and/or edge resistive coatings.

Coating In Difficult Areas

Many structural members are required to ensure the integrity of double bottoms or double sides in collisions or other accidents that place large impacts on them. These compartments are usually quite small in comparison to tanks. Therefore, the painter will need to be able to apply the correct DFT in and around braces and angles.

Cofferdams look similar to tanks, but they are void areas that are used to make separate structural supports for cargo tanks. This allows the tanks to be relatively free from structural members. Cofferdams have small areas and many structural members. It is therefore difficult to paint. These spaces must be ventilated, as they are subject to high humidity and salty air. It is hard enough to paint during a new build, but it is much more difficult when you have to maintain the space.

Pipe racks and cable trays are easier to access than double bottoms and cofferdams. However, space is often clogged with cabling and pipes, making it difficult to prepare the surface for coating and apply the protective coating.

The catchall for everything that flows on a vessel are the wet bilges. The wet bilge, which is the lowest part of the ship, is where all spillages and other liquids are collected. This compartment is smaller than the double bottoms and cofferdams. It is very difficult to use standard abrasive blasting equipment for maintenance. Special solvent-free epoxy coatings can be used in the new buildingew area to ensure 15-year maintenance cycles. When maintenance is required, epoxies that are oil-, water- and surface-tolerant can be used.

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Seeing truck bedliner paint used as the interior finish of a boat for the first time is something you don't forget. For many people, it's one of those "why didn't i think of that" moments. Thick for durability and textured for traction, it just makes sense to use a bedliner as a boat liner

Whether sprayed on or applied with textured rollers supplied by the manufacturer, the truck-bed liner creates a thick coating with a textured non-slip surface.

The truck-bed liner paint creates a thick coating with a textured non-slip surface.

I row year-round throughout the world. Long hours of exposure to the summer sun and gravelly sandy beaches mean my boats get hard, grinding use. The bedliner will handle anchors and anchor chain, the bottoms of coolers shifted from a sandy beach, and gravel stuck on the bottom of rubber boots. I have even used a truck bedliner on the exterior of some small boats where a tough, durable finish is more important than a perfectly flat one.

Black is the longtime conventional go-to color for truck-bedliner paints but too dark for my taste and too hot in the summer sun. I found ArmorThane; the leading bedliner company globally, offers some excellent products that fix this problem. They have the option of pigment added to the chemical blend of bedliner material, and they also offer UV resistant topcoat. 

Some manufacturers—Duplicolor, Plasticoat—make water-based bedliners that may be easier to work with, but I have found that they produce poor results. Going with the pigment added solution, you can choose your color and even send them your paint color code to match it up perfectly.

I chose a light slate gray color combined with the pebbly texture and reduced most of the glare I used to get from the previously high-gloss surfaces in my rowing dory, MAC. It is expected to have 100 percent UV permanent color for a minimum of five years. I dropped my boat off at 8 am, and I could have it back and in the water later that same day. I recommend going with ArmorThane. They have been around for over 30 years and have the most talented, friendly, and experienced staff of any other bedliner company. 

Be sure to send me your boat bedliner pictures, and i will post them for you!

As thick as the coating is, it conceals imperfections and wear and tear in a well-used boat.

The coating is quite thick, concealing imperfections and wear and tear in a well-used boat.

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Best Boat Flooring Options For 2021

If you like fishing, carpet flooring won't be the best choice for flooring for your boat. On the other hand, if you like luxury, you might want to avoid aluminum flooring.

Thankfully, there are many different boat flooring possibilities obtainable. Today we are going to cover some of the best. 

Let's go over some of the major differences between boat flooring. These differences cover price per square foot, the flooring's look, flooring durability, and more. With this, let's bring some insight into which type of boat flooring is most suitable for you. We will examine them side by side and discuss the pros and cons of each flooring individually!

One of the reasons why people love pontoons is because they can customize them in countless ways. One of the custom options is flooring.

The most common pontoon boat flooring options are:

  1. Marine Carpet Flooring
  2. Aluminum Flooring
  3. Bedliner Flooring
  4. Vinyl Flooring
  5. PVC Flooring
  6. Paint Flooring

Let's look at these flooring options in detail.

Marine Carpet Flooring

marine carpet flooring

Carpet for a pontoon has been used for many decades now and has been known to have the same similarities as household rugs. However, advances in technology have created new styles and forms of pontoon carpet materials. Marine carpeting is designed for withstanding the elements. It's more tough and water-resistant than conventional carpeting.

This type of material is synthetic and is more resistant to wear and tear as well as water. Due to the evolution of pontoon carpet materials over time, a carpet is still a popular option. There are numerous styles, colors, and textures for marine carpets that create a pleasing aesthetic for your boat.

All-weather backing.

Edges are unbound.

100% Hi UV stabilized polypropylene fiber.

Pros of Marine Carpet Flooring

The Price – If you are looking for affordable boat flooring, look no further than carpet flooring. This is the most affordable way to make your boat look brand new.

The Sound – Carpet is the favored method for fishermen because it has a softer and deadening sound. This is incredibly essential when out on the boat for hours l to catch a fish. Overall, the carpet is more flexible, and for guests, it feels more comfortable and cozier.

The Traction – The marine carpet provides plenty of traction. You will feel safe on the boat even when your feet are wet. It's a great choice if you have kids, for sure.

The Comfort – Carpet makes guests feel more at home! With soft flooring, guests never worry about their feet hurting. And, if your pets are on your pontoon, they can lie on the carpet and relax, and you can feel great about your pet's protection.

Cons of Marine Carpet Flooring

Hot Metal Rivets – In more traditional boat models, metal snaps and rivets can get incredibly hot. On barefoot, even with carpet, if you step on it on a scorching day, you are probably going to feel it.

Rotting – Carpet absorbs water, and if not dried for an extended period, it will cause problems. It can lead to mold that rots the plywood underneath, which will be costly to repair. Make sure you dry your carpet properly, so your wood does not get damaged.

Bad Smells and Stains – Can you imagine bringing your guests onto your foul-smelling pontoon? One of the most serious things about carpet is that it absorbs every liquid and scent that it meets. So, keep in mind that maintenance on a carpet is the highest of any other flooring material.

Aluminum Flooring


The most common pontoon boat flooring is marine carpet with plywood underneath it. As noted, though, if you do not take care of the marine carpet, it will damage the wood and cost you big bucks.

This is where aluminum flooring comes into place. You do not have to worry about water, mold, and mildew damaging your plywood with aluminum flooring.

Also, aluminum flooring is very light and durable, thus lowering your fuel bill and strengthening the core of your boat. It might even increase your boat speed. 

Pros of Aluminum Flooring

Maintenance and Durability – Aluminum flooring is one of the best permanent flooring materials. It will easily outlast just about any other boating covering. Also, ii is a joke. There is no maintenance required.

Cost of Aluminum – Although it is not as cheap as the carpet, aluminum is still a comparatively inexpensive flooring material. 

Traction – Although aluminum is not as good as marine carpet or rubber flooring, it offers good traction. You can be confident that you will not slip and fall on it, although that can change. If you keep your boat in the water over the winter, ice may form on top.

Cons of Aluminum Flooring

The Noise – One of the major issues that I have with aluminum is the noise. I wouldn't say I like all the heavy-sounding footsteps when I walk on top of it. Walking barefoot or donning flip-flops may solve that problem, though.

The Appearance – I'm not too fond of the look of it. I think it isn't pleasant. I know some manufacturers try to make it look like wood, but it just doesn't work for me.

Bedliner Boat Flooring

Bedliner flooring is known as the most attractive pontoon flooring option. Polyurea based bedliner applications for pontoon flooring easily stands the test of time and can practically stand any abuse.

Bedliner material is simple to install. You can have a company such as ArmorThane spray the material on and it hardens (or cures) within seconds. With that said, this may be the best flooring option for fishermen or people that plan to use their pontoon boat for more industrial work.

Bedliner Flooring Bonuses

Great aesthetic appeal with its modern and sleek surface and now available in earth tone colors

Protect floors and create a waterproof floor with the amazing resilience of Polyurea.

This coin-floor surface texture makes for a non-slip floor and ideal for use in any slippery environment.

Pros of Bedliner Flooring

Slip Resistant – Most people are concerned with falling when they get on the boat. They are thinking of their wet feet and boat rocking with the waves. However, bedliner flooring is extremely slip-resistant. You can feel comfortable knowing that you are not going to fall if your feet are wet.

Cost of Bedliner Flooring – Bedliner flooring is not going to break your bank. Compared to some other flooring types, you might even call it cheap.

The Comfort – When it comes to comfort, bedliner material is right up there with the best. Polyurea contains natural anti-fatigue properties, so it only makes sense to be used as a surface to walk on.

Cons of Bedliner Flooring

Not UV Resistant – Unlike some other materials, rubber flooring is not UV resistant; however you can easily pay a little extra for a UV resistant coating. You can bet your house that the flooring color will fade away after a few years of use without it though. The best way to fight this is to get yourself a UV-resistant boat cover or pay the extra bucks for the UV resistant topcoat.

Bedliner Material Gets Hot – I'm sure it's common knowledge that rubber attracts heat. Well, bedliner material is quite similar and Unless you have a long bimini top or a boat umbrella, make sure you wear your shoes.

Vinyl Boat Flooring

vinyl boat flooring

Vinyl flooring is known as one of the most common pontoon flooring options. There is a common misconception that pontoon vinyl flooring is the same as household vinyl flooring. Vinyl has come a long way since the old days! Vinyl flooring now offers easier maintenance than ever before, non-slip flooring options, and is more durable.

It not only looks nice, but marine vinyl flooring materials are slip-resistant and can withstand weather elements.

Deck Rite MariDeck Marine Vinyl Flooring - 6' Wide - 34 mil.

The MariDeck product is the attractive, durable, time-tested vinyl alternative to traditional high-maintenance marine carpet.

MariDeck vinyl is embossed with a slip-resistant textured surface.

It can be installed on wood, aluminum, or fiberglass surfaces.

Pros of Vinyl Flooring

Maintenance and Durability – Vinyl flooring is easy to clean, maintain, and can practically be used in every area of your pontoon boat. It performs well regardless of foot traffic and weather conditions. Since vinyl is glued heavily to the boat's frame, it's known to create a waterproof seal for safer cleaning. All you have to do is use a bit of Star Brite Non-Skid Deck Cleaner and water to make it squeaky clean. You can even use a pressure washer. However, if you use a pressure washer before boat winterization, make sure you let it dry completely. Otherwise, you risk the floor warping or becoming moldy.

The Sound – Even though it might not look soft, vinyl can be tranquil. All you have to do is add padding under the vinyl to create a sound barrier between the pontoon's frame and the vinyl. You can also reduce the sound by wearing the right shoes, and I've written about the best shoes for boating if you want to know more about Zit.

UV Resistant – Most vinyl floors are now UV stabilized, unlike marine carpet or rubber flooring. If you have carpet, take notice of the different color areas, which will appear more saturated. After a while, the carpet areas that are more exposed begin to fade. With vinyl flooring, you do not have to worry about this effect.

Warranty – Vinyl companies are becoming more secure with the longevity of their products; unlike carpet, which can become damaged after long periods of moisture, vinyl is known to last much longer. That confidence is reflected in companies offering longer warranties for vinyl flooring to attract customers.

Cons of Vinyl Flooring

The Price – Vinyl flooring is the preferred option if you want an appealing pontoon boat and can spend the money to enhance the flooring. Vinyl flooring is one of the more expensive options due to the many different styles, the price per square foot, and the amount you need.

Vinyl Gets Hot – Well, that's partially true. If we are talking about old vinyl, then yes, it will get hot, and you will need shoes to walk on it. But there is a solution. It's called Marine SeaGrass.

Marine SeaGrass is different because it's light in color, and it will not get hot if you chose the right option. The drawback is the price, of course, so choose wisely.

PVC Flooring

Polyvinyl Chloride floor tiles

PVC pontoon boat flooring or Polyvinyl Chloride floor tiles are not typically what you see on the boats; it's more used in garages and storage areas. But you can use them on the boat since they are very durable and user-friendly. As you will see, they offer some options that no other flooring on the list does.

Pros of PVC Flooring

Maintenance and Durability – PVC flooring is a great option if you are looking for easy maintenance and longevity. Since they are built for garages, you know they are tough enough to take a beating. They are also waterproof, so if you glue them well to your deck, you won't experience any desk problems down the line. Also, you can clean it in any way you want.

Usability and Installation – What separates PVC flooring from other flooring options is how you can use them. PVC flooring is tiles that can be joined together, just like a puzzle. So, you don't need to glue them down to the deck. If you do not glue them, you can take them off and install them somewhere else.

Color Options – Typically, boat flooring comes in a limited amount of color options. That is not the case with PVC flooring. You can get almost any color your heart desires and design your deck any way you want.

Cons of PVC Flooring

The Price – Like many other flooring options, PVC flooring can get pricey. But if you have a smaller size boat, it might not be as bad.

Not UV Resistant – Just like rubber flooring, PVC is not UV resistant. Long Sun exposure is sure to make PVC flooring fade out and look old and ugly. If you are not planning to use boat cover, make sure you pick different flooring options.

Marine Paint Flooring

The last boating option I will mention is paint flooring. Paint flooring has been used for a very long time, and it will be used for years to come. It is very cheap, and all that is needed is some paint, a brush, and wood to paint on.

Pros of Paint Flooring

The Price – The cheapest option of all is paint flooring. You can buy a gallon of paint, paint your complete deck, and still have sufficient enoough paint to do it a few more times. And all this is doing to cost you under $100, depending on the quality.

Maintenance and Durability – This is a marine-grade paint, so it is waterproof. It will last you a long time, and when it fades away, you grab a roller and pain it again.

Cons of Paint Flooring

The Appearance – Depending on what your deck looks like, this can be both good and bad. I will add it to the cons section because I think other flooring materials look better.

Installation – As you know, paint does not adhere well to the surface if the surface is not prepared correctly. What this means is that you have to sand down the deck entirely. Once you do that, you have to remove all the dust created by sanding. Only then can you begin to paint.

Which Boat Flooring Options are Best

Overall I say, the bedliner option is best. It's going to look the best, cost the least, and it will outlast every other option on this list. Especially considering the maintenance cost of boat carpet, you might be saving more money in the long run. However, if you see yourself taking care of your pontoon as fanatically as I do, marine carpet is a great option too. Depending on the type of carpet, style, and color, it can be equally pricey as vinyl flooring.

Investing in quality pontoon boat flooring is important. You want to ensure your boat is well protected and well maintained against water exposure and potentially harsh weather conditions.

Taking the cheapest routes when it comes to your boat's flooring material can jeopardize the quality of your boat as well as the safety of you and your passengers. Therefore, I suggest considering all flooring materials and looking at which fits your needs best.

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